曲松| 鞍山| 和顺| 云浮| 布尔津| 石门| 平舆| 石家庄| 泰兴| 崇信| 南山| 南陵| 新沂| 冀州| 陇南| 黄山市| 盐田| 琼结| 武乡| 碌曲| 商城| 宜昌| 兴隆| 铜陵县| 夏邑| 抚远| 延庆| 宁南| 新绛| 大悟| 洞头| 武都| 方城| 眉县| 张家川| 武进| 夏邑| 常州| 凤县| 金塔| 晋宁| 高邑| 永川| 比如| 巨鹿| 德江| 集美| 定安| 新安| 建宁| 红安| 乐业| 蒙山| 天镇| 茶陵| 临洮| 兴宁| 元谋| 兴义| 公主岭| 富民| 三河| 北仑| 扶余| 特克斯| 兴城| 泸县| 眉山| 当涂| 康平| 景泰| 抚远| 五原| 梅州| 云龙| 宿迁| 乌兰察布| 庄浪| 张北| 互助| 吉县| 博爱| 肇东| 上虞| 容县| 梅州| 屏东| 双柏| 凤山| 邛崃| 清水| 闵行| 科尔沁右翼中旗| 三门| 兴文| 桑植| 大庆| 郓城| 孝感| 威县| 丰顺| 浏阳| 兴隆| 澄迈| 揭西| 霍山| 长白| 高雄县| 茄子河| 桂东| 阿克苏| 平原| 汕头| 三河| 神木| 墨竹工卡| 郫县| 金塔| 桐梓| 戚墅堰| 曹县| 巴林左旗| 祁东| 吐鲁番| 南江| 宜秀| 梨树| 诸城| 泊头| 浦北| 邱县| 铁岭市| 德化| 枞阳| 大冶| 井研| 昂仁| 黎城| 奎屯| 东方| 盐都| 高淳| 金山屯| 达州| 科尔沁右翼前旗| 西山| 巴林左旗| 四子王旗| 美溪| 大方| 莱西| 洮南| 景东| 江源| 浦城| 库车| 青川| 广平| 吐鲁番| 介休| 密云| 宁海| 桦川| 富蕴| 西宁| 井陉矿| 青龙| 左云| 庆阳| 晋州| 青白江| 桐城| 高邑| 康保| 呼兰| 宝鸡| 崇礼| 崇阳| 长丰| 开原| 黔西| 威信| 道县| 乳山| 北海| 镇沅| 迁西| 广灵| 湖口| 宣化县| 林芝镇| 莘县| 徐州| 威信| 松潘| 郸城| 普兰店| 江永| 陆河| 枝江| 阜阳| 松江| 马鞍山| 靖江| 志丹| 鄄城| 岱岳| 明水| 濮阳| 疏附| 将乐| 大庆| 平远| 绥芬河| 科尔沁左翼中旗| 汉阳| 绵竹| 涿鹿| 辰溪| 雷州| 阿城| 陵川| 蓝田| 山丹| 开县| 浠水| 岱岳| 石台| 泗水| 高阳| 钟祥| 乌当| 鹿邑| 莫力达瓦| 马祖| 惠民| 内黄| 南漳| 瑞丽| 富宁| 黎城| 津市| 安福| 万源| 嵊泗| 尼勒克| 内蒙古| 行唐| 清苑| 永善| 金堂| 维西| 昭通| 丘北| 万年| 尼玛| 黄山区| 西乌珠穆沁旗| 昭苏| 旅顺口| 苗栗| 柏乡| 长海|

山东出台信用新规:考试作弊学术造假将被记失信

2019-09-16 19:09 来源:东北新闻网

  山东出台信用新规:考试作弊学术造假将被记失信

  (CNS),astate-levelnewsagencysponsoredandestablishedbyChinesejournalistsandrenownedoverseasChineseexpertsonOctober1,(),,,includingin-depthcoverage,featurestoriesandvisualcontent,withtopicssuchascurrentevents,art,lifestyle,(CNS)isnotonlyastate-levelnewsagencyspreadingnewsworldwide,butalsoaninternationalnewsagencywithsubscribersinTaiwan,HongKongandMacao,,formervicechairmanoftheStandingCommitteeoftheNationalPeoplesCongress,,therewereothermajorsponsorsandbuilders,suchasJinZhonghua,HuYuzhi,,awell-knownexpertoninternationalissues,,CNSwastheInternationalNewsService,,adatabaseofinforma(includingwritings,photosandspecialarticles)andamodernmethodofreporting(mainlythroughinternet,videosandSMS)providedtooverse,,HongKongandMacao,aswellasbranchesorreportstationsinTokyo,Bangkok,KualaLumpur,NewYork,Washington,LosAngeles,SanFrancisco,Vancouver,London,Paris,,andnewsreleasecentershavebeenestablishedinBeijing,,multi-levelandmulti-functionnewsreleasesystem,CNSprovidesallkindsofnewsandinformation,’,,1999,theheadquartersofCNSlauncheditsofficialwebsite,namedChinanews().ChinanewsisconsideredoneofChina’smostimportantonlinenewssources.PoliceofficersfromChinaandItalyattendaceremonyheldtosymbolicallymarkthestartofthethirdyearoflawenforcementcooperationbetweenthetwocountriesinRome,Italy,onMay28,ofphoto-snappingpassersby--wereinRomespicturesquePiazzaNavonaMondayfortheornateceremony.(Xinhua/AlbertoLingria)PhototakenonMay28,2018showsaceremonyheldtosymbolicallymarkthestartofthethirdyearoflawenforcementcooperationbetweenChinaandItalyinRome,ofphoto-snappingpassersby--wereinRomespicturesquePiazzaNavonaMondayfortheornateceremony.(Xinhua/AlbertoLingria)PhototakenonMay28,2018showsaceremonyheldtosymbolicallymarkthestartofthethirdyearoflawenforcementcooperationbetweenChinaandItalyinRome,ofphoto-snappingpassersby--wereinRomespicturesquePiazzaNavonaMondayfortheornateceremony.(Xinhua/AlbertoLingria)ChinesepoliceofficersattendaceremonyheldtosymbolicallymarkthestartofthethirdyearoflawenforcementcooperationbetweenChinaandItalyinRome,Italy,onMay28,ofphoto-snappingpassersby--wereinRomespicturesquePiazzaNavonaMondayfortheornateceremony.(Xinhua/AlbertoLingria)PoliceofficersfromChinaandItalyattendaceremonyheldtosymbolicallymarkthestartofthethirdyearoflawenforcementcooperationbetweenthetwocountriesinRome,Italy,onMay28,ofphoto-snappingpassersby--wereinRomespicturesquePiazzaNavonaMondayfortheornateceremony.(Xinhua/AlbertoLingria)

PhototakenwithaninfraredcamerashowsawildgiantpandaintheBaishuiRiverNationalNatureReserveinPengzhouCity,SouthwestChina’,localauthoritieshaveincreasedeffortstoprotectbiodiversity,fightagainstillegalhunting,andimprovethelocalecologicalsystem.(Photo/VCG)PhototakenwithaninfraredcamerashowsawildgiantpandaintheBaishuiRiverNationalNatureReserveinPengzhouCity,SouthwestChina’,localauthoritieshaveincreasedeffortstoprotectbiodiversity,fightagainstillegalhunting,andimprovethelocalecologicalsystem.(Photo/VCG)PhototakenwithaninfraredcamerashowsawildgiantpandaintheBaishuiRiverNationalNatureReserveinPengzhouCity,SouthwestChina’,localauthoritieshaveincreasedeffortstoprotectbiodiversity,fightagainstillegalhunting,andimprovethelocalecologicalsystem.(Photo/VCG)ResearchersworkintheBaishuiRiverNationalNatureReserveinPengzhouCity,SouthwestChina’,localauthoritieshaveincreasedeffortstoprotectbiodiversity,fightagainstillegalhunting,andimprovethelocalecologicalsystem.(Photo/VCG),2017showstheinsideviewofLuzhnikiStadiumwhichwillhostthe2018WorldCupmatchesinMoscow,Russia.(Xinhua/WuZhuang),2017showstheoutsideviewofLuzhnikiStadiumwhichwillhostthe2018WorldCupmatchesinMoscow,Russia.(Xinhua/WuZhuang),2017showstheoutsideviewofLuzhnikiStadiumwhichwillhostthe2018WorldCupmatchesinMoscow,Russia.(Xinhua/WuZhuang),2017showstheoutsideviewofLuzhnikiStadiumwhichwillhostthe2018WorldCupmatchesinMoscow,Russia.(Xinhua/WuZhuang)

  Areplicaofacolorfulbrocadeembroideredwiththetext“WuxingChuDongfangLiZhongguo”,whichliterarymeans"Fivestarsriseintheeast,benefittingZhongguo”andwasunearthedinOctober1995attheNiyaruinsinXinjiangUygurAutonomousRegion,isondisplayattheChinaSilkMuseuminHangzhouCity,EastChina’sZhejiangProvince,May20,loomrecreatedonthebaseofremainsfoundintheLaoguanshanTombofHanDynasty(206BC220AD)inChengduCityin2012.(Photo/VCG)Areplicaofacolorfulbrocadeembroideredwiththetext“WuxingChuDongfangLiZhongguo”,whichliterarymeans"Fivestarsriseintheeast,benefittingZhongguo”andwasunearthedinOctober1995attheNiyaruinsinXinjiangUygurAutonomousRegion,isondisplayattheChinaSilkMuseuminHangzhouCity,EastChina’sZhejiangProvince,May20,loomrecreatedonthebaseofremainsfoundintheLaoguanshanTombofHanDynasty(206BC220AD)inChengduCityin2012.(Photo/VCG)Areplicaofacolorfulbrocadeembroideredwiththetext“WuxingChuDongfangLiZhongguo”,whichliterarymeans"Fivestarsriseintheeast,benefittingZhongguo”andwasunearthedinOctober1995attheNiyaruinsinXinjiangUygurAutonomousRegion,isondisplayattheChinaSilkMuseuminHangzhouCity,EastChina’sZhejiangProvince,May20,loomrecreatedonthebaseofremainsfoundintheLaoguanshanTombofHanDynasty(206BC220AD)inChengduCityin2012.(Photo/VCG)Areplicaofacolorfulbrocadeembroideredwiththetext“WuxingChuDongfangLiZhongguo”,whichliterarymeans"Fivestarsriseintheeast,benefittingZhongguo”andwasunearthedinOctober1995attheNiyaruinsinXinjiangUygurAutonomousRegion,isondisplayattheChinaSilkMuseuminHangzhouCity,EastChina’sZhejiangProvince,May20,loomrecreatedonthebaseofremainsfoundintheLaoguanshanTombofHanDynasty(206BC220AD)inChengduCityin2012.(Photo/VCG)地下云图网undergroundseismicnetworkforearthquakemonitoring5月7日,四川省地震预警重点实验室、成都高新减灾研究所在成都高新区宣布:将在四川、云南建设面向地震预报的我国首个地下云图网。

  YanJingshuposesforphotoinfrontoftheancientbookrestorationcenterofZhejiangLibraryinHangzhou,eastChinasZhejiangProvince,May23,,55,hasworkedintheientbooks.(Xinhua/WengXinyang)YanJingshurestoresanancientbookatZhejiangLibraryinHangzhou,eastChinasZhejiangProvince,May23,,55,hasworkedintheientbooks.(Xinhua/WengXinyang)YanJingshushowsanancientbookunderrestorationatZhejiangLibraryinHangzhou,eastChinasZhejiangProvince,May23,,55,hasworkedintheientbooks.(Xinhua/WengXinyang)YanJingshurestoresanancientbookatZhejiangLibraryinHangzhou,eastChinasZhejiangProvince,May23,,55,hasworkedintheientbooks.(Xinhua/WengXinyang)YanJingshuplanishesanancientbookafterrestorationatZhejiangLibraryinHangzhou,eastChinasZhejiangProvince,May23,,55,hasworkedintheientbooks.(Xinhua/WengXinyang)YanJingshuplanishesanancientbookafterrestorationatZhejiangLibraryinHangzhou,eastChinasZhejiangProvince,May23,,55,hasworkedintheientbooks.(Xinhua/WengXinyang)YanJingshu(R)instructsanapprenticeinancientbookrestorationatZhejiangLibraryinHangzhou,eastChinasZhejiangProvince,May23,,55,hasworkedintheientbooks.(Xinhua/WengXinyang)YanJingshurestoresanancientbookatZhejiangLibraryinHangzhou,eastChinasZhejiangProvince,May23,,55,hasworkedintheientbooks.(Xinhua/WengXinyang)YanJingshudyesrestorationpaperatZhejiangLibraryinHangzhou,eastChinasZhejiangProvince,May23,,55,hasworkedintheientbooks.(Xinhua/WengXinyang)YanJingshuselectsrestorationpaperatZhejiangLibraryinHangzhou,eastChinasZhejiangProvince,May23,,55,hasworkedintheientbooks.(Xinhua/WengXinyang)YanJingshurestoresanancientbookatZhejiangLibraryinHangzhou,eastChinasZhejiangProvince,May23,,55,hasworkedintheientbooks.(Xinhua/WengXinyang)PhototakenonMay23,2018showsrestorationpapernotebooksatanancientbookrestorationcenterofZhejiangLibraryinHangzhou,eastChina,55,hasworkedintheientbooks.(Xinhua/WengXinyang)Twojournalistslookatthescreenshowingthedamagedworldfamouspaintingofthe16thcenturyRussianTsar,titledIvantheTerribleandhisSonIvanonNovember16,1581.byIlyaRepinduringapressconferenceattheRussianStateTretyakovGalleryinMoscowonMay28,hebestknownworksof19thcenturypainterIlyaRepin,depictingIvantheTerriblekillinghisson,atagalleryinMoscow.(Photo/Agencies)RussianStateTretyakovGalleryofficialsattendapressconferenceafterIlyaRepinsworldfamouspaintingofthe16thcenturyRussianTsar,titledIvantheTerribleandhisSonIvanonNovember16,1581.wasdamagedinMoscowonMay28,2018.-RussianpoliceonSaturdaysaidtheyarrestedamanforvandalisingoneofthebestknownworksof19thcenturypainterIlyaRepin,depictingIvantheTerriblekillinghisson,atagalleryinMoscow.(Photo/Agencies)ARussianStateTretyakovGalleryemployeestandsneartheblankspacewhereIlyaRepinsworldfamouspaintingofthe16thcenturyRussianTsar,titledIvantheTerribleandhisSonIvanonNovember16,1581.wasexhibitedinMoscowonMay28,2018.-RussianpoliceonSaturdaysaidtheyarrestedamanforvandalisingoneofthebestknownworksof19thcenturypainterIlyaRepin,depictingIvantheTerriblekillinghisson,atagalleryinMoscow.(Photo/Agencies)

SeniorhighschoolpupilstrampleballoonsinanactivitytorelievestressaheadoftheNationalCollegeEntranceExams,orGaokao,,EastChina’sAnhuiProvince,May28,,000balloonstoallowsome2,000studentsafunbreakfromtheteststress.(Photo/VCG)SeniorhighschoolpupilstrampleballoonsinanactivitytorelievestressaheadoftheNationalCollegeEntranceExams,orGaokao,,EastChina’sAnhuiProvince,May28,,000balloonstoallowsome2,000studentsafunbreakfromtheteststress.(Photo/VCG)SeniorhighschoolpupilstrampleballoonsinanactivitytorelievestressaheadoftheNationalCollegeEntranceExams,orGaokao,,EastChina’sAnhuiProvince,May28,,000balloonstoallowsome2,000studentsafunbreakfromtheteststress.(Photo/VCG)

  AwomanscattersflowersintotheseaduringaseaburialheldonGuobin9onApril2,2018.(Photo/Xinhua)Ashipexclusivelyusedforseaburia,orNationalGuest9,isthefirstoneinthecountrythathasbeenusedforsuchpurposes,,,,,widerdecksandmoretoilets,accordingtoWangDedong,headofthecity’sfuneralservicescenter.“Guobin9sailslongerthanthepreviousshipsdid,soastoprovidefamiliesandrelativesmoretimetosaygoodbyetothedeceased.,”,theshipwillsailbetweenAprilandOctobereveryyearandcarryoutseaburialservicestwodayseveryweek,,thi,906people’scrematedremainshavebeenscatteredintothesea.

  PicturetakenonMay24,2018showsaviewinsidepassengerferrySewolinMokpo,ssouthwesterncoastonApril16,2014,killingmorethan300people.(Photo/IC)PicturetakenonMay24,2018showsaviewinsidepassengerferrySewolinMokpo,ssouthwesterncoastonApril16,2014,killingmorethan300people.(Photo/IC)PicturetakenonMay24,2018showsaviewinsidepassengerferrySewolinMokpo,ssouthwesterncoastonApril16,2014,killingmorethan300people.(Photo/IC)PicturetakenonMay24,2018showsaviewinsidepassengerferrySewolinMokpo,ssouthwesterncoastonApril16,2014,killingmorethan300people.(Photo/IC)PicturetakenonMay24,2018showsaviewinsidepassengerferrySewolinMokpo,ssouthwesterncoastonApril16,2014,killingmorethan300people.(Photo/IC)PicturetakenonMay24,2018showsaviewinsidepassengerferrySewolinMokpo,ssouthwesterncoastonApril16,2014,killingmorethan300people.(Photo/IC)ABoeing787aircraftofChinasHainanAirlinesisseenatVancouverInternationalAirportinVancouver,Canada,May25,,operatedbyHainanAirlines,isthefirstdirectpassengerairroutelinkingTianjinwithNorthAmerica.(Xinhua/LiangSen)ABoeing787aircraftofChinasHainanAirlineslandsatVancouverInternationalAirportinVancouver,Canada,May25,,operatedbyHainanAirlines,isthefirstdirectpassengerairroutelinkingTianjinwithNorthAmerica.(Xinhua/LiangSen)Passengerslineupatthecheck-incountersofHainanAirlinesatVancouverInternationalAirportinVancouver,Canada,May25,,operatedbyHainanAirlines,isthefirstdirectpassengerairroutelinkingTianjinwithNorthAmerica.(Xinhua/LiangSen)FlightattendantsofChinasHainanAirlinesposeforphotosaftertheyarrivedatVancouverInternationalAirportinVancouver,Canada,May25,,operatedbyHainanAirlines,isthefirstdirectpassengerairroutelinkingTianjinwithNorthAmerica.(Xinhua/LiangSen)ABoeing787aircraftofChinasHainanAirlineslandsatVancouverInternationalAirportinVancouver,Canada,May25,,operatedbyHainanAirlines,isthefirstdirectpassengerairroutelinkingTianjinwithNorthAmerica.(Xinhua/LiangSen)

  FilmmakerandhonorarydegreerecipientWongKarWaiarrivesforthe367thCommencementExercisesatHarvardUniversityinCambridge,Massachusetts,,May24,2018.(Photo/Agencies)FilmmakerandhonorarydegreerecipientWongKarWaiarrivesforthe367thCommencementExercisesatHarvardUniversityinCambridge,Massachusetts,,May24,2018.(Photo/Agencies)Seated(fromleft),DrewFaust,JohnLewis;standing(fromleft)GeorgeEmanuelLewis,TwylaTharp,HarveyVernonFineberg,RitaDove,RicardoLagos,SallieWatson(Penny)Chisholm,andWongKarWai.(Photo/Agencies)HonorarydegreerecipientandpoetRitaDovetalksduringthe367thCommencementExercisesatHarvardUniversityinCambridge,Massachusetts,,May24,2018.(Photo/Agencies)Studentsattendthe367thCommencementExercisesatHarvardUniversityinCambridge,Massachusetts,,May24,2018.(Photo/Agencies)StudentsfromtheGraduateSchoolofEducationcheerastheyreceivetheirdegreesduringthe367thCommencementExercisesatHarvardUniversityinCambridge,Massachusetts,,May24,2018.(Photo/Agencies)

  POMWonderfulAntioxidantSuperTeakicksoffMemorialDayweekendhangingoutwithLolatheSlothatthefirst-everSlothBarreclassatBarreBelleonThursday,May24,2018inLosAngeles.(Photo/Agencies)POMWonderfulAntioxidantSuperTeakicksoffMemorialDayweekendhangingoutwithLolatheSlothatthefirst-everSlothBarreclassatBarreBelleonThursday,May24,2018inLosAngeles.(Photo/Agencies)ActressAliLandrykicksoffMemorialDayweekendhangingoutwithLolatheSlothatPOMWonderfulAntioxidantSuperTeasfirst-everSlothBarreclassatBarreBelleonThursday,May24,2018inLosAngeles.(Photo/Agencies)AshleyIaconetti,realitystar,kicksoffMemorialDayweekendhangingoutwithLolatheSlothatPOMWonderfulAntioxidantSuperTeasfirst-everSlothBarreclassatBarreBelleonThursday,May24,2018inLosAngeles.(Photo/Agencies)ActressAliLandry(right)kicksoffMemorialDayweekendhangingoutwithLolatheSlothatPOMWonderfulAntioxidantSuperTeasfirst-everSlothBarreclassatBarreBelleonThursday,May24,2018inLosAngeles.(Photo/Agencies)POMWonderfulAntioxidantSuperTeakicksoffMemorialDayweekendhangingoutwithLolatheSlothatthefirst-everSlothBarreclassatBarreBelleonThursday,May24,2018inLosAngeles.(Photo/Agencies)SeniorhighschoolpupilstrampleballoonsinanactivitytorelievestressaheadoftheNationalCollegeEntranceExams,orGaokao,,EastChina’sAnhuiProvince,May28,,000balloonstoallowsome2,000studentsafunbreakfromtheteststress.(Photo/VCG)SeniorhighschoolpupilstrampleballoonsinanactivitytorelievestressaheadoftheNationalCollegeEntranceExams,orGaokao,,EastChina’sAnhuiProvince,May28,,000balloonstoallowsome2,000studentsafunbreakfromtheteststress.(Photo/VCG)SeniorhighschoolpupilstrampleballoonsinanactivitytorelievestressaheadoftheNationalCollegeEntranceExams,orGaokao,,EastChina’sAnhuiProvince,May28,,000balloonstoallowsome2,000studentsafunbreakfromtheteststress.(Photo/VCG)

  Ablue-throatedbee-eaterfliesatHoulouVillage,YangzhongTown,YouxiCounty,southeastChinasFujianProvince,May25,2018.(Xinhua/MeiYongcun)Blue-throatedbee-eatersperchonabranchatHoulouVillage,YangzhongTown,YouxiCounty,southeastChinasFujianProvince,May25,2018.(Xinhua/MeiYongcun)Blue-throatedbee-eatersperchonabranchinLuxiaTown,NanpingCity,southeastChinasFujianProvince,May25,2018.(Xinhua/MeiYongcun)Blue-throatedbee-eaterssportatHoulouVillage,YangzhongTown,YouxiCounty,southeastChinasFujianProvince,May28,2018.(Xinhua/MeiYongcun)Ablue-throatedbee-eaterfliesinLuxiaTown,NanpingCity,southeastChinasFujianProvince,May25,2018.(Xinhua/MeiYongcun)Ablue-throatedbee-eaterfliesatHoulouVillage,YangzhongTown,YouxiCounty,southeastChinasFujianProvince,May25,2018.(Xinhua/MeiYongcun)Blue-throatedbee-eatersperchonabranchinLuxiaTown,NanpingCity,southeastChinasFujianProvince,May25,2018.(Xinhua/MeiYongcun)Blue-throatedbee-eatersperchonabranchinLuxiaTown,NanpingCity,southeastChinasFujianProvince,May25,2018.(Xinhua/MeiYongcun)Ablue-throatedbee-eaterforagesatHoulouVillage,YangzhongTown,YouxiCounty,southeastChinasFujianProvince,May25,2018.(Xinhua/MeiYongcun)

  PhototakenonMay25,2018showsthesceneryofagorgeinWushanCounty,southwestChinasChongqingMunicipality.(Xinhua/WangQuanchao)ShipsareseensailinginagorgeinWushanCounty,southwestChinasChongqingMunicipality,May25,2018.(Xinhua/WangQuanchao)ApassengershipsailsinWuxiagorgeinsouthwestChinasChongqingMunicipality,May25,2018.(Xinhua/WangQuanchao)PhototakenonMay25,2018showsthesceneryofWuxiagorgeinsouthwestChinasChongqingMunicipality.(Xinhua/WangQuanchao)

  Aviewofwatchtower-likeresidentialbuildingsinGonjoCounty,ChamdoPrefectureinSouthwestChina’’sSanyanarealiveinthebuildingsthatarethreetofivefloorshighandmadeofmudontheoutside,witheachstructurehometoatleasttwofamilies.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiXiang)Aviewofwatchtower-likeresidentialbuildingsinGonjoCounty,ChamdoPrefectureinSouthwestChina’’sSanyanarealiveinthebuildingsthatarethreetofivefloorshighandmadeofmudontheoutside,witheachstructurehometoatleasttwofamilies.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiXiang)Aviewofwatchtower-likeresidentialbuildingsinGonjoCounty,ChamdoPrefectureinSouthwestChina’’sSanyanarealiveinthebuildingsthatarethreetofivefloorshighandmadeofmudontheoutside,witheachstructurehometoatleasttwofamilies.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiXiang)Aviewofwatchtower-likeresidentialbuildingsinGonjoCounty,ChamdoPrefectureinSouthwestChina’’sSanyanarealiveinthebuildingsthatarethreetofivefloorshighandmadeofmudontheoutside,witheachstructurehometoatleasttwofamilies.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiXiang)Aviewofwatchtower-likeresidentialbuildingsinGonjoCounty,ChamdoPrefectureinSouthwestChina’’sSanyanarealiveinthebuildingsthatarethreetofivefloorshighandmadeofmudontheoutside,witheachstructurehometoatleasttwofamilies.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiXiang)Aviewofwatchtower-likeresidentialbuildingsinGonjoCounty,ChamdoPrefectureinSouthwestChina’’sSanyanarealiveinthebuildingsthatarethreetofivefloorshighandmadeofmudontheoutside,witheachstructurehometoatleasttwofamilies.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiXiang)Aviewofwatchtower-likeresidentialbuildingsinGonjoCounty,ChamdoPrefectureinSouthwestChina’’sSanyanarealiveinthebuildingsthatarethreetofivefloorshighandmadeofmudontheoutside,witheachstructurehometoatleasttwofamilies.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiXiang)Aviewofwatchtower-likeresidentialbuildingsinGonjoCounty,ChamdoPrefectureinSouthwestChina’’sSanyanarealiveinthebuildingsthatarethreetofivefloorshighandmadeofmudontheoutside,witheachstructurehometoatleasttwofamilies.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiXiang)Aviewofwatchtower-likeresidentialbuildingsinGonjoCounty,ChamdoPrefectureinSouthwestChina’’sSanyanarealiveinthebuildingsthatarethreetofivefloorshighandmadeofmudontheoutside,witheachstructurehometoatleasttwofamilies.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiXiang)Aviewofwatchtower-likeresidentialbuildingsinGonjoCounty,ChamdoPrefectureinSouthwestChina’’sSanyanarealiveinthebuildingsthatarethreetofivefloorshighandmadeofmudontheoutside,witheachstructurehometoatleasttwofamilies.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiXiang)Chinasreformandopening-uphasnotonlyyieldedtopresults,butalsoprovidedvaluableexperiencetotheworld,,withthetheme"Reformandopening-upholdsthekeytothedestinyofcontemporaryChina,",whereShenzhenislocated,isthebirthplaceofthepolicy,andtheShenzhenSpecialEconomicZoneisoneofitslandmarkachievements,saidLiXi,secretaryoftheCommunistPartyofChina(CPC),ChairmanofPakistansSenateForeignAffairsCommittee,visitedShenzhen40yearsagoasajournalist.",ithasbecomeaninternationalmetropoliswithnearly1,000buildingsexceedingaheightof100meters,",vicepresidentoftheSenateofBolivia,saidChinaiminatingruralpovertyby2020,andBolivia,whichsharessimilargoalsintermsofpovertyreduction,iswillingtoadoptChina,chairmanoftheRepublicanProposalPartyintheEntreRiosProvinceofArgentina,saidhewasveryimpressedbyChinasdevelopmentundertheleadershipoftheCPC,,China,Chinasopeninghasmadeitsachievementsvisibletoothercountries,sachievementsinthepast40yearsthroughreformandopening-upistrulyremarkable,andtheyhaveansweredmanyquestions,saidSergeyZheleznyak,deputysecretaryoftheGeneralCounciloftheUnitedRussiaParty.  

  

  山东出台信用新规:考试作弊学术造假将被记失信

 
责编:

“非遗”:原汁原味和创新发展不矛盾

2019-09-16 17:12:00 人民政协报 分享
参与
AwomanscattersflowersintotheseaduringaseaburialheldonGuobin9onApril2,2018.(Photo/Xinhua)Ashipexclusivelyusedforseaburia,orNationalGuest9,isthefirstoneinthecountrythathasbeenusedforsuchpurposes,,,,,widerdecksandmoretoilets,accordingtoWangDedong,headofthecity’sfuneralservicescenter.“Guobin9sailslongerthanthepreviousshipsdid,soastoprovidefamiliesandrelativesmoretimetosaygoodbyetothedeceased.,”,theshipwillsailbetweenAprilandOctobereveryyearandcarryoutseaburialservicestwodayseveryweek,,thi,906people’scrematedremainshavebeenscatteredintothesea.

“巴人东迁,武陵山水寻发源;土家摆手,梯玛神歌传列祖……”当已是耄耋之年的中国社会科学院荣誉学部委员、非遗保护专家刘魁立,看到重庆市酉阳县可大乡几位古稀老人忘情地表演国家级非物质文化遗产———摆手舞时,感动得流下了眼泪。在这位民俗大家看来,几位执着于非遗传承的老人就是灵魂的舞者,他们用原生态的形式表现着土家族人的历史,传递着一种古老的文化。感动之余,刘魁立也在担忧摆手舞的传承问题。

据统计,目前,重庆国家级非遗项目为44个,重庆市级非遗项目为511个。这些非遗项目传承都面临后继乏人的难题。对于绝大部分非遗传承人来说,三四十岁很少见,五六十岁算“年轻”,六七十岁算“正常”,七八十岁不鲜见。

重庆市渝中区政协副主席、重庆市非遗保护中心副主任谭小兵表示,由于农村外出打工人员的增加,如今重庆农村空心化、老龄化比较严重,导致很多非遗项目正在逐渐失去传承的土壤。与此同时,在现代文化的冲击下,即便青壮年留守本地,对于传统文化的认知也日渐淡薄。这是非遗项目传承后继乏人的根本原因。

谭小兵认为,问题更多的出在“承”而非“传”。像酉阳民歌传承人白现贵、熊正禄以及酉阳古歌传承人吴少强等,他们都很乐意将技艺传下去,问题是年轻人不太情愿“承”下来,因为传统文化的传承和保护难以谋生。

非遗项目基本上都在民间,其传承主要有两种方式,一种是传统的师带徒,另一种是传承专业的文化工作者传承。前者虽然近年来政府部门加大了支持力度,但更多的是一种自发行为,这种自发行为的内在动因更多的是为了谋生。后者一般都由政府主导,有一定的经费保障。

谭小兵建议两条腿走路,一方面尊重传统传承主体中的个体、社区对自身非物质文化遗产的传承发展,即本体思维;另一方面,可以引导其保留传统文化元素,与当下审美相结合,加以创新,进行推广,走进现代人的生活,让更多人喜闻乐见,即现代思维。非遗项目的传承保护需要处理好本体思维和现代思维。

但由于认识上的差异,现实是这两种思维经常会打架。

谭小兵认为这两种思路都没有错,一个是强调将传统文化的历史风貌原汁原味的、完整地再现,另一个则考虑到时代的演变和现代人的接受度。

两种思路都有成功的案例。去年,在京举行的中国第四届少数民族戏剧会演中,酉阳土家族阳戏《平叛招亲》走上舞台,取得很好的效果,还获得了优秀剧目奖。阳戏中有一些被人们认为是封建迷信的程式化的内容,但它们是原汁原味的土家族传统文化的真实体现。

另外一个案例就是重庆荣昌夏布织造技艺。传统的夏布是用麻做的,比较粗糙,穿在身上很不舒服。采用现代特殊工艺之后,既保留了夏布的传统特色,又增加了舒适感,无论是本地人,还是外地游客,都很喜欢。

对于木叶吹奏、黑水号子等非遗项目,为了提高年轻人传承的积极性,可以将其舞台化,与旅游业结合起来。游客游山玩水、尝鲜品茗之后,欣赏一下优美的木叶情歌和雄壮高亢的号子,不也是一次地道的文化之旅吗?

所以,谭小兵一直强调,非遗项目传承保护“本体思维”和“现代思维”要结合。前者在传承中可居主导;后者可在发展中居主导。而发展也是为了更好的传承,二者不可偏废。

当然,也要警惕非遗传承保护的过度市场化。谭小兵表示,目前有些地方打着非遗传承保护之名,对一些传统手工艺品粗制滥造,鱼目混珠,从中渔利,这种急功近利的方式是对非遗项目的极大伤害。

除了传承后继乏人之外,非遗传承保护还面临着只重形式、不重文化内涵的问题。另外,投入也不够,比如重庆511个市级非遗项目,每年的项目传承保护经费投入也是捉襟见肘,平均一项不足万元。专业人才也比较匮乏,同样以重庆为例,重庆市非物质文化遗产保护中心从事相关保护工作的也只有10余人,而大多数区县根本没有相关专业人员。

由此可见,非遗传承保护仍是路漫漫其修远兮。谭小兵认为,不仅仅是文保部门,人人都是非遗的主人。他呼吁全社会都应该关注、参与非遗传承保护。唯有如此,才能留得住根脉、载得动乡愁。

责编:郎万彬
矿坑 永善 建宁路街道 寺东道 北京戏曲艺术职业学院
酒厂 思明水库 剑河县 蝴蝶路口 神仙湾